Over the last fortnight, 6th Class have been learning a lot about colour theory. Colour theory is the foundation of art. It is a way of organising colours and learning how they work together. Knowing about colours and their relationships helps artists to create their works. Artists can use these relationships to create balance, chaos, contrast and to evoke certain feelings.
The Colour Wheel
Firstly, we took a look at the colour wheel. The colour wheel is a logical way of organising colours. Each colour has a designated place on the wheel and has a relationship with the colours on either side and the colour opposite. It was first developed by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666.
We were already familiar with primary and secondary colours but tertiary colours were new for us.
Primary colours: Red, blue and yellow are known as primary colours. These colours cannot mixed or made by mixing other colours. All other colours are derived from the primary colours.
Secondary colours: The secondary colours are green, orange and purple. They are made by mixing primary colours.
Tertiary colours: Yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green and yellow-green are tertiary colours. Tertiary colours are made by mixing a primary colour and a secondary colour. Because a tertiary colour is made through mixing a primary and a secondary colour, the colour has a two-part name to indicate the two colours that have been combined.
We had lots of fun during art, experimenting and mixing colours to create our very own colour wheels.
Next, we looked at complementary colours. Complementary colours are opposite each other on the colour wheel. They contrast with each other and they are used to create an impact. Green and red are complementary colours. We created our own patterns to display how complementary colours contrast each other.
Finally, we looked at harmonious colours. Colour harmony is when two colours are combined in a way that makes them pleasing to the eye. When colours are used in harmony, they can bring balance to a piece of art and they can make the finished work appear more interesting to the viewer. When colours are not used in harmony, the finished work could be perceived as either uninteresting or chaotic, depending on what has been produced. We created our own patterns to display how complementary colours contrast each other.
We are delighted with what we have produced and love how it has brightened up the back of our classroom!